Prosecco is classified as a type of sparkling wine. However, its specific classification within the broader category of sparkling wine is tied to its origin and production methods.
- Origin Classification: “Prosecco” can only be used to describe sparkling wines produced in specific regions of Italy, primarily in the Veneto and Friuli Venezia Giulia regions. These regions are the heartland of Prosecco production and are known for their unique terroir and winemaking traditions. The geographical origin is a fundamental aspect of Prosecco’s classification.
- Production Method Classification: Prosecco is typically produced using the Charmat or the Tank method. In this method, the wine undergoes a second fermentation in pressurized tanks to create the characteristic bubbles. This production method is distinct from the traditional method used for Champagne, where the second fermentation occurs in the bottle. The use of the Charmat method is another defining characteristic of Prosecco.
Prosecco is classified as a protected designation of origin (PDO) sparkling wine with a specific geographical origin in Italy and a distinctive production method using the Charmat method. Its classification is based on its origin and production process, contributing to its unique characteristics.